Olives from unique XVIII century orchard.
Mas de Flandí is located in the natural region known as Matarranya (Aragón, Spain). This area presents geological valley bottoms in U with a smooth topography at 400-500m above the sea level made of limestone and stratified sedimentary formations. A succession of natural terraces of fluvial conglomerates dominates, including clay slopes and sandstone platforms with blocks of decomposition.
The climate is distinctly Mediterranean but with important continental characteristics, such as frost present over 4 months a year and an annual thermal amplitude of 18 to 20 º C. These climatic and geographical characteristics form a unique terroir where prevalent winds -the hot SW in summer afternoons or the cold and gusty N in winter- converge with a very low rainfall (400-500mm per year), a mark from the continental plateau of Aragon and Ebro depression.
A few miles north, the arid landscape transforms everything. A few miles south, the mountains of the Ports de Beceite offer plenty of water and forests rich in wildlife. In between lies the Matarranya, a friendly and bountiful territory with a strong personality, where olives grow since the Phoenicians and Romans introduced and spread them. Vineyards arrived later, introduced and cultivated by the religious orders that occupied the new territories during the Reconquista. In modern times, other tree crops such as almond and peach have successfully spread.
At plant structure level we have forest formations dominated by evergreen oaks and holm oaks (Quercus ilex and q.i.rotundifolia) with large sets of pine forest with a majority presence of Aleppo pine (Pinus alepensis). On dry calcareous soils grow gorse (Genista scorpius), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris), and in flinty soil grows the broom (Genista hirsuta) and juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus).
The Matarranya is characterized by its rich ravines where Mediterranean vegetation grows like in a garden, watered by countless wells and cisterns from Arabian origin, now almost abandoned. All together has shaped a human and geographical landscape of great wealth made of history, traditions and a generous and fragant land.